Here is the list of top 10 Linux distributions for hacking with their download links. All of these are based on Linux Kernel and free to use. Let’s take a look:
Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution aimed at advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing. Kali contains several hundred tools which are geared towards various information security tasks, such as Penetration Testing, Security research, Computer Forensics and Reverse Engineering.
This Debian-based OS comes with 600+ preinstalled pen testing tools that make your security toolbox richer. These versatile tools are updated regularly and are available for different platforms like ARM and VMware. For a forensic job, this top hacking operating system comes with a live boot capability that provides a perfect environment for vulnerability detection.
Kali Linux was released on the 13th March, 2013 as a complete, top-to-bottom rebuild of BackTrack Linux, adhering completely to Debian development standards.
Download : Kali Linux
Site Links:- Kali Linux Commands Cheat Sheet
Samurai Web Testing Framework is basically a live Linux environment that comes pre-configured to work as a web pen-testing platform. The framework contains multiple free and open source hacking tools for detecting vulnerabilities in websites. It’s often called the best operating system for Web Penetration Testing.
Download : Samurai Web Testing Framework
Network Security Toolkit is a Fedora-based Linux distro that runs on 32 and 64-bit platforms. This bootable live CD was created to give you an access to the best open source network security applications for pen testing purposes. This easy-to-use hacking distro easily converts the x86 systems into an ethical hacking machine that is helpful in intrusion detection, network traffic sniffing, network packet generation, network/host scanning etc.
An advanced Web User Interface (WUI) is provided for system/network administration, navigation, automation, network monitoring, host geolocation, network analysis and configuration of many network and security applications found within the NST distribution. In the virtual world, NST can be used as a network security analysis validation and monitoring tool on enterprise virtual servers hosting virtual machines.
Download : Network Security Toolkit (NST)
Site Links:- Linux Commands Cheat Sheet
Debian-based Parrot Security OS is developed by Frozenbox’s team. This cloud-friendly Linux distribution is designed for ethical hacking, pen testing, computer forensics, ethical hacking, cryptography etc. Compared to others, Parrot Security OS promises a lightweight OS that is highly efficient. Along with its plethora of legally recognized tools, you also get the opportunity to work and surf anonymously.
It includes a full portable laboratory for security and digital forensics experts, but it also includes all you need to develop your own softwares or protect your privacy with anonymity and crypto tools.
For those who don’t know, Parrot Security OS is a mixture of Frozenbox OS and Kali Linux. The OS uses Kali repos for updating its tools, but it has its own dedicated repo for storing the custom packets. It comes with MATE desktop environment and the powerful interface is derived from famous Gnome 2. This highly customizable hacking oeprating system also comes with a strong community support.
Download : Parrot Security OS
Site Links:- Python vs R
BackBox Linux is an Ubuntu-based operating system with its focus on security assessment and penetration testing. BackBox Linux comes with a wide range of security analysis tools that help you in web application analysis, network analysis etc. This fast and easy to use hackers’ favorite Linux distro comes with a complete desktop environment. The software repos of the hacking tools in this hacking operating system are regularly updated with the most stable versions.
BackBox is more than an operating system, it is a Free Open Source Community project with the aim to promote the culture of security in IT environment and give its contribute to make it better and safer. All this using exclusively Free Open Source Software by demonstrating the potential and power of the community.
Download : BackBox
Pentoo is a security-focused livecd based on Gentoo !!
It's basically a gentoo install with lots of customized tools, customized kernel, and much more. Here is a non-exhaustive list of the features currently included :
Pentoo is a pen testing operating system that is available as a 32 and 64-bit installable Live CD. You can also use Pentoo on top of an existing Gentoo Linux installation. This XFCE-based distro comes with persistence support that allows you to save all the changes you make before running off a USB stick.
This excellent hacking operating system comes with a wide variety of tools that fall under categories like Exploit, Cracker, Database, Scanner etc. This Gentoo derivative inherits the Gentoo Hardened feature set that brings additional control and configuration.
Download : Pentoo Linux
DEFT specifically designed to the forensic acquisition of the digital evidence.
The open source Linux distribution DEFT stands for Digital Evidence and Forensic Toolkit. It’s based on Ubuntu and built around the Digital Advanced Response Toolkit(DART) software. It comes with many popular forensic tools and documents that can be used by ethical hackers, penetration testers, IT security specialists, and other individuals.
Download : DEFT Linux
CAINE (Computer Aided INvestigative Environment) is an Italian GNU/Linux live distribution created as a Digital Forensics project.
CAINE offers a complete forensic environment that is organized to integrate existing software tools as software modules and to provide a friendly graphical interface.
The main design objectives that CAINE aims to guarantee are the following:
Caine comes with a large number of database, memory, forensics, and network analysis applications. This distro for ethical hacking also features common applications like web browsers, email clients, document editors etc. for usual computing purposes.
Download : Caine
BlackArch Linux is an Arch Linux-based penetration testing distribution for penetration testers and security researchers. It’s derived from Arch Linux and one can also install the BlackArch Linux components on top of it. The repository contains 1880+ tools. You can install tools individually or in groups. BlackArch Linux is compatible with existing Arch installs.
Download : BlackArch Linux
Bugtraq system offers the most comprehensive, optimal, and stable with automated services manager in real time distribution. This distribution based on the 3.2 and 3.4 kernel Generic available in 64 Bits has a huge range of penetration, forensic and laboratory tools. The systems are available in 11 different languages.
Bugtraq are available in Debian, Ubuntu, and OpenSuSe, Bugtraq is famous for its electronic mailing list that is purely dedicated to computer security. The issues that are covered are vulnerability discussion, security-related announcements, exploitation methods etc. The Bugtraq Team consists of experienced hackers and developers that offer a great service for ethicals and pen testers.
Bugtraq comes with tons of pen testing tools including mobile forensic tools, malware testing tools and other software developed by the Bugtraq-Community.
Download : Bugtraq